penalize


penalize
penalize, fine, amerce, mulct mean to punish by depriving of something.
Penalize usually presupposes a violation of laws or rules intended to maintain discipline or fair treatment for all; it implies exaction by an authority of a pecuniary penalty or a forfeiture of an advantage or, especially in games, the imposition of a handicap
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penalize late taxpayers by adding interest to their unpaid taxes

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penalize a football team fifteen yards for holding

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Fine and amerce are chiefly found in technical legal use in reference to court cases, but their implications in extended use are not materially different. They and their corresponding nouns fine and amercement are distinguishable in that fine implies that the amount exacted is, within certain limits, prescribed by the law, while amerce and amercement indicate that it has been left to the discretion of the judge
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violators of the municipal parking ordinances may be fined from one to ten dollars

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the judge amerced the offender in the sum of fifty dollars

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millions of spirits for his fault amerced of heaven— Milton

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Mulct implies subjection to a superior power which can legally or illegally exact a penalty (usually in money) for a breach of discipline or for failure to comply with its edicts. Sometimes it merely implies a fine or amercement or a withholding of money due
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nonconformists were mulcted for attendance at services of their own communion

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Often the word suggests forcible imposition or exaction of a heavy or oppressive penalty
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the colonizers mulcted the natives of their gold whenever the latter showed signs of resistance

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Analogous words: *punish, discipline, correct, chasten

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • penalize — UK US /ˈpiːnəlaɪz/ verb [T] ► to treat someone or something in a way that gives them a disadvantage: »The current tax system penalizes people on low incomes. »The stock was penalized because Wall Street believed the company s financials would… …   Financial and business terms

  • penalize — I verb amerce, avenge, bring to account, call to account, carry out a sentence, castigate, chastise, confiscate, correct, discipline, exact a penalty, exact retribution, execute a sentence, execute judgment, fine, forfeit, harm, hurt, impose a… …   Law dictionary

  • Penalize — Pe nal*ize, v. t. 1. To make penal. [1913 Webster] 2. (Sport.) To put a penalty on. See {Penalty}, 3. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • penalize — formed in English 1868 from PENAL (Cf. penal) + IZE (Cf. ize). Related: Penalized; penalizing …   Etymology dictionary

  • penalize — (Amer.) pe·nal·ize || pɪːnÉ™laɪz v. punish, give a penalty; (Law) declare something or an action punishable by regulation or by a law (also penalise) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • penalize — [v] punish amerce, castigate, chasten, chastise, condemn, correct, discipline, dock*, fine, handicap, hit with*, impose penalty, inflict handicap, judge, mulct, put at disadvantage, scold, slap with*, throw the book at*; concept 122 Ant. excuse,… …   New thesaurus

  • penalize — (also penalise) ► VERB 1) subject to a penalty or punishment. 2) Law make (an action) legally punishable. 3) put in an unfavourable position. DERIVATIVES penalization noun …   English terms dictionary

  • penalize — [pē′nə līz΄, pen′əlīz΄] vt. penalized, penalizing 1. to make punishable; set a penalty for (an offense, etc.) 2. to impose a penalty on; specif., to subject to a handicap in a contest as penalty for the infraction of a rule 3. to put at a… …   English World dictionary

  • penalize — UK [ˈpiːnəlaɪz] / US [ˈpɪn(ə)lˌaɪz] verb [transitive] Word forms penalize : present tense I/you/we/they penalize he/she/it penalizes present participle penalizing past tense penalized past participle penalized 1) to treat someone in an unfair way …   English dictionary

  • penalize — v. (D; tr.) to penalize for * * * [ piːn(ə)laɪz] (D; tr.) to penalize for …   Combinatory dictionary


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